Studi Kelembagaan Dalam Usahatani JKS

(Institutional Study of Citrus cv. Keprok SoE Farming)

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Jeruk Tropika Indonesia, Batu, 28-29 Juli 2005, hal. 99-116

Yohanis Ngongo, Charles Yulius Bora, Bambang Murdolelono, Helena Da Silva, dan Didiek Agung Budianto,
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Nusa Tenggara Timur

Abstrak:
Suatu studi kelembagaan dalam usahatani JKS telah dilaksanakan di Desa Ajaobaki dan Tutem, Kecamatan Molo Utara, Kabupaten TTS pada tahun 2004. Studi ini bertujuan: (I) mendapatkan data dan informasi tentang kelembagaan pertanian, khususnya yang berkaitan dengan pengembangan Jeruk Keprok SoE (JKS); dan (2) merancang model penguatan kelembagaan (lama) dan/atau membangun kelembagaan (baru) yang relevan untuk mendukung sistem agribisnis JKS. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa masih terdapat kelembagaan lokal/tradisional yang dapat diberdayakan bagi pembangunan pertanian. Ikatan masyarakat yang paling menonjol terdapat pada persekutuan marga. Hanya kelembagaan formal penyuluhan yang dirasakan bermanfaat bagi petani. Pada wilayah yang hubungan transportasi/komunikasi belum lancar, petani belum atau kurang merasakan manfaat program pembangunan, khususnya dari sektor pertanian. Di tingkat desa, kelembagaan formal kelompok tani belum berfungsi optima1. Belum ada keterkaitan fungsional antara lembaga atau pelaku bisnis JKS. Komunikasi dan informasi antar chain belum transparan. Masih ada praktek penciptaan nilai tambah pada masingĀ­ masing chain yang kurang sesuai. Perlu penguatan kelembagaan kelompok tani dan membangun kelembagaan pemasaran serta keterkaitan fungsi yang efektif antar pelaku bisnis JKS.
Kata kunci : Kelembagaan, usahatani JKS.

Abstrak:
An institutional study of citrus cv. keprok SoE farming had been conducted in Ajaobaki and Tutem Village, North Moro Subdistrict ofTTS Regency in 2004. This study was aimed to : (1) obtain data and information about agricultural institution particularly on citrus cv. keprok SoE development; and (2) design a model reinforcing old institution and/or establish the new one relevantly supporting citrus cv. keprok SoE agribusiness system. The result indicated that there was still some local/traditional institution was used in agricultural development. The most dominant society bounding was on clan unity. Only formal institution of agricultural extension was considered to be useful for the farmers. In the region which still had a bad transportation/communication, the farmers were not yet or didn’t quite feel the benefit of development program, particularly from the agricultural sector. At village level, the formal institution of farmer group had not been function optimumly. There was still no functional connection among the institutes or the citrus cv. keprok SoE business doers. The communication and information among chains had not been transparent. There was still a creating additional value practice of each chain which was not quite proper. Reinforcing farmer group institution and developing marketing institution were needed to be done, also on the effective functional connection among citrus cv. Keprok SoE business doers.
Keywords : Institutional, citrus cv. keprok SoE farming.

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