Plant response and huanglongbing disease development against heat treatments on ‘Siam Purworejo’ (Citrus nobilis (Lour)) and ‘Nambangan’ (C. maxima (Burm.) Merr.) under field condition

Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 52 (3-4): 259-276, 2019. DOI: 10.1080/03235408.2018.1544193

Sri Widyaningsih, Sri Nuryani Hidayah Utami, Tri Joko, Siti Subandiyah

Abstract.

Huanglongbing is known as a destructive disease in citrus production. Investigation on plant response and development of huanglongbing disease against heat treatment on ‘Siam Purworejo’ (Citrus nobilis (Lour)) and ‘Nambangan’ (C. maxima (Burm.) Merr.) was done. High-temperature treatment was applied by covering plants with an enclosed screen. The treatment plant has three types of CLas pathogen infection status. The result showed that heat treatments could significantly increase new flushes. It was found that intensity of HLB infected plant decreased. The treatments effect on the proline level was dependent on cultivar, leaves age and HLB-infection status. Chlorophyll content of HLB infected plants increased due to high temperature. High-temperature increased Fe content in the artificially infected plant, whereas Zn contents increased in the leaves of infected plants by vector. ‘Nambangan’ had higher Fe content than ‘Siam Purworejo’ on uncovered plants. CLas bacteria still persisted in infected plant based on real-time PCR analysis.

KEYWORDS: CHLOROPHYLL; CITRUS; HEAT TEMPERATURE; HUANGLONGBING; PROLINE

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