Perkembangan Tiga Jamur Entomopatogen Pengendali Hama Diaphorina citri Kuw. Pada Media Konvensional

(The Growth of Three Types of Enthomopathogenic Fungus as the Pest Diaphorina citri Kuw. Controller on Conventional Media)

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Jeruk Tropika Indonesia, Batu, 28-29 Juli 2005, hal. 296-304

Mutia Erti Dwiastuti dan Sri Widyaningsih
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Jeruk Dan Buah Subtropika

Abstrak
Penelitian dilakukan di Laboratorium Fitopatologi Loka Penelitian Tanaman Jeruk dan Hortikultura Subtropik Tlekung, pada Mei – Juli 2004. Sampel Diaphorina citri terinfeksi entomopatogen di koleksi dari kebun petani Perak, Jombang. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui macam media konvensional yang baik untuk perkembangan jamur entomopatogen Hirsutella citriformis , Metarhizium anisopliae dan Beauvaria bassiana. Perlakuan yang diuji adalah beras, ketan, jagung dan kombinasi 3 bahan tersebut (1: 1: 1). Penelitian ditata dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan 4 ulangan masing-masing ulangan terdiri dari 20 kemasan plastik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa media beras paling baik untuk perbanyakan ke 3 jamur entomopatogen yang diuji. Media tersebut berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai alternatif yang mudah diadopsi petani.
Kata kunci: D. citri, H. citriformis, B. bassiana, M. anisopliae.

Abstract
The research was conducted from May to July 2004 at Phytopathology Laboratory of Citrus and Subtropical Horticulture Research Station. The samples of Diaphorina citri, which infected by enthomopathogen, were collected from farmer’s orchard in Perak, Jombang. This research was aimed to find out the best type of conventional media for enthomopathogen growth such as Hirsutella citriformis, Metarhizium anisopliae dan Beauvaria bassiana. Tested media for treatments were rice, sticky rice, corn and the combination of those three (1: 1: 1). The research was arranged on a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications and each replication consist of 20 plastic bags. Result indicated that rice was the best media for increasing those three of tested enthomopathogen. This media is potential to be developed as an alternative that is easily adopted by farmers.
Keywords : D. citri, H. citriformis, B. bassiana, M. anisopliae.

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