Peran Badan Litbang Pertanian Dalam Pengembangan Agribisnis Jeruk Tropika di Era Global

(The Role of Agriculture Research and Development Institute in the Agribusiness Development of Tropical Citrus in the Global Era)

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Jeruk Tropika Indonesia, Batu, 28-29 Juli 2005, hal. 1-11

Achmad Suryana
Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian

Abstrak
Kebijaksanaan revitalisasi pertanian telah dirumuskan menjadi tiga program utama, yaitu : (1) peningkatan ketahanan pangan; (2) pengembangan agribisnis; dan (3) peningkatan kesejahteraan petani. Lingkungan strategis tingkat internasional yang paling dominan dalam mendorong perubahan struktur perekonomian di masa mendatang dan sangat mempengaruhi arah dan sasaran penelitian dan pengembangan pertanian adalah : (1) liberisasi pasar global dan ketidakadilan perdagangan internasional; (2) perubahan sistem dan manajemen produksi; dan (3) perhatian dunia terhadap perwujudan ketahanan pangan pengentasan kemiskinan; sedangkan di tingkat nasional : (1) penduduk dan pola permintaan pangan dan bahan baku; (2) kelangkaan dan degradasi kualitas SDA; (3) karakteristik pertanian dan pedesaan Indonesia; (4) otonomi daerah; dan (5) perkembangan IPTEK nasional. Makalah memotret kondisi agribisnis jeruk saat ini secara rinci dan menyimpulkan mutu buah yang rendah, kelembagaan petani yang lemah dan pemasaran yang tidak berpihak kepada petani. Selain itu, juga diuraikan dukungan inovasi teknologi dari Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Puslitbang Hortikultura dan Balitjeruk dalam mendukung pengembangan agribisnis jeruk di Indonesia. Badan Litbang Pertanian tentunya mempunyai komitmen yang kuat untuk mendukung pengembangan agribisnis jeruk di Indonesia diantaranya dengan menerapkan kebijakan model melalui ‘scaling up’ paket teknologi anjuran spesifik lokasi yang selama ini telah diterapkan pada pengembangan model inovasi agribisnis jeruk.
Kata kunci: Jeruk, revitalisasi pertanian, perubahan lingstra, kondisi agribisnis, inovasi teknologi, peran Litbang Pertanian.

Abstrak
Agriculture revitalization policy has been made into three main programs, they are: (1) the increase offood security; (2) agribusiness development; and (3) the increase of farmer’s welfare. The most dominant strategic environments of international level on pushing the economic change in the future as well as affecting the direction and target of the agriculture research and development are: (1) liberalization of global market and international trade unfairness; (2) production system and management change; and (3) world attention to food security and poverty alleviation; and those of national level are: (1) population, food demand pattern and basic commodity; (2) scarcity and degradation of nature resource quality; (3) characteristic ofIndonesian agriculture and villages; (4) regional otonomy; and (5) national science and technology development. This paper portrayed the recent time condition of citrus agribusiness in detail, and conclude the low quality of fruit, weak farmer institution and marketing which is not on farmer’s side. It also explained the technology innovation support from Indonesian Agriculture Research and Development and ICISFRI to develop citrus agribusiness in Indonesia. The Agriculture Research and Development Institute has a strong commitment to support citrus agribusiness development in Indonesia by implementing the policy model through ‘scaling up’ recommended technology package of specific location which has been applied on innovation development of citrus agribusiness.
Keywords : Citrus, agriculture revitalization, strategic environment change, agribusiness condition, technology innovation, the role of Agriculture Research and Development.

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