Karakteristik Petani Pada Sentra Produksi Jeruk Keprok SoE Di Nusa Tenggara Timur

(Fanner Characteristic in Center Production Area of Mandarin cv. SoE in Nusa Tenggara Timur)

B. Murdolelono, C.Y.Bora, H da Siva dan Didiek A.B
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Nusa Tenggara Timur

ABSTRAK
Agar penyebaran informasi teknologi budidaya jeruk keprok SoE berhasil, keadaan yang berhubungan dengan karakteristik petani, usahatani jeruk, akses informasi, akses mobilitas dan kegiatan penyuluhan harus dimengerti dengan baik. Untuk itu dilakukan penelitian pad a bulan Januari – Maret 2004 di Kecamatan Mollo Utara, Kabupaten TTS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (a) Rata-rata kepemilikan jeruk pada lahan pekarangan berumur >5 tahun 8,32 pohon/KK, sementara rata-rata produksinya 56,19 kg/KK dan pendapatan kotornya Rp. 343.000/KK, (b) Penurunan persentase jumlah pohon jeruk produktif 64,48-69,66%, (c) Penyuluhan dengan media informasi berpeluang dilakukan sebab rata-rata pendidikan formal 7,2 tahun dan 60% petani dapat membaca dengan lancar, (d) Penyebaran informasi melalui audio visual hanya mungkin dilakukan melalui radio yang dimiliki 25% petani, (e) Petani setempat tergolong kurang aktif dalam mencari informasi baru dalam bidang pertanian, serta (f) Kegiatan penyuluhan relatif rendah sebab 50% petani tidak mengikuti kegiatan penyuluhan selama 1-3 bulan terakhir, selain itu 97% petani tidak menerima media informasi.
Kata kunci: Jeruk Keprok SoE, profil petani, usahatani.

ABSTRACT
In order to the dissemination of technology information on mandarin cv. SoE cultivation to be successful, the situation related to farmer characteristic, citrus farming system, access to any information and mobility as well as extension service should be well comprehensible. Any research therefore, was conducted on January March 2004 at Mollo Utara sub-district, under TTS district. Research result indicated that: (a) the average of citrus ownership on home-yard land aged >5 years was 8,33 trees/household head, while the average of its production was 56,19 kgs/ household head and the gross income gained was Rp. 343.000/household head, (b) the number percentage decrease of productive citrus trees ranged at 64,48-69,66%, (c) the extension by using the information media have any chance to do because the average of formal education was 7,2 years and 60% of farmer are able to read fluently, (d) the dissemination of information through audio visual possibly only being carried out through the radio in which the farmer owned about 25% , (e) the local farmer categorized in less active to find out the new information in agriculture field, and (f) the extension service was relatively low due to 50% of farmer didn’t attend the extension service during 1-3 months lately; in addition to 97% of farmer didn’t get any information media.
Keywords : Mandarin cv. SoE, farmer profile, farming system.

Artikel lengkapnya bisa di download disini atau disini

Agenda

no event