Influence of Types And Concentration of Natural Pesticides to Mortality of Red Mite (Panonychus citri McGregor) and Persistence of That Pesticides

Journal Tropical Crop Science and Technology Vol. 1(1), 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/jtcst.v1i1.7874

Iva Kristova, Dyah Roeswitawati, Muhidin, Otto Endarto

ABSTRACT
Red mites (Panonychus citri McGregor) is one of the plant pest attacking leaves of citrus. Usually, farmers control the pest using chemical pesticide and cause environmental damage due to toxins contained in the pesticide material. Chemical pesticides also result in increased pest resistance against pesticides. Persistent pesticides also leave residues that are difficult to clean in plants so that natural pesticides are needed as an alternative to chemical pesticides. The purpose of this research is to know the effect of vegetable pesticide concentration of soursop (Annona muricata) leaf, papaya (Carica papaya) leaf, Chrysanthemum leaves to red pest mortality and persistence of vegetable pesticide. The results showed that pesticide concentration 5% resulted in 100% mortality of imago phase and instar phase 1 at 48 hours observation. The highest mortality rate is the treatment of papaya leaves pesticide 5% concentration in the imago phase that is a number of 29.67
Keywords: Carica papaya leaf, chrysanthemum leaves, citrus plants, mortality, persistence, soursop (Annona muricata) leaf, red mites

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