Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics Vol. 120 No. 1 (2019) 33–44.
Lizia Zamzami, Anoma Ariyawardana
Agrifood chains that are based on the values de fined by end consumers are able to secure a competitive edge over other chains, but securing that competitive edge requires a thorough understanding of the consumers and their value preferences. This study was conducted with a view to understanding domestic apple consumers in Malang, Indonesia, and using that information to guide the opportunities for domestic apple supply chain development in Indonesia. Data were collected through an intercept survey of 200 apple consumers. The survey was designed to identify the respondents’ consumption and buying patterns, as well as their attribute preferences for domestic apple compared to imported apple. Respondents were segmented based on their demographic pro file and their value preferences for the domestic apple. Three signi ficantly different clusters of domestic apple consumers were identi fied: the ‘indifferent consumers’ disregarded the importance of most attributes of domestic apples; the ‘pro-sensory consumers’ valued sensory attributes more than search attributes; and the ‘value seeking consumers’ rated most of the value attributes as important in making a purchase. This study identi fies the need for value chain members to adopt practices along the chain that enhance particular attributes of domestic apples in order to increase value for each consumer segment.
Keywords: APPLES, CONSUMER PREFERENCE, CLUSTER ANALYSIS, MARKET SEGMENT, INDONESIA